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Clin Ophthalmol. 2008 Dec;2(4):743-52.

Increased expression of IRE1alpha and stress-related signal transduction proteins in ischemia-reperfusion injured retina.

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Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Chiba University, Graduate School of Medicine, Chuo-ku, Chiba, Japan.


The purpose of this study was to determine whether the expression of ER stress-related factors IRE1alpha, apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1), SAPK/ERK kinase 1 (SEK1) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is associated with the damaged retinal neurons induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury. After 60 minutes of ischemia, the rat retinas were reperfused, and retinas were isolated and fixed after 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 hours, and 2, 5, and 9 days of reperfusion. Cryosections were immunostained with Fluoro-Jade B, a degenerating neuron marker to label degenerating neurons. Semi-quantitative analysis of the expression of IRE1alpha, ASK1, SEK1, and JNK were performed in both control and ischemic retinas. In ischemic retinas, the intensities of IRE1alpha immunoreactivity in the ganglion cell layer (GCL) were significantly higher than in the control retinas. In ischemic retinas, the numbers of SEK1-, ASK1-, and JNK-positive cells were significantly increased in the GCL compared to those in the control retinas. In addition, the cells that were positive for SEK1-, ASK1-, and JNK were also positive for Fluoro-Jade B-positive cells. These results indicate that the increased expression of ER stress-related factors was, in part, associated with the retinal neuronal abnormalities after ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat retinas.


Fluoro-Jade B; IRE1α; SAPK/ERK kinase 1; apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1; c-Jun N-terminal kinase; endoplasmic reticulum; ischemia-reperfusion injury


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