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PLoS One. 2009 Aug 10;4(8):e6568. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0006568.

Small deletions of SATB2 cause some of the clinical features of the 2q33.1 microdeletion syndrome.

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1
Signature Genomic Laboratories LLC, Spokane, WA, USA.

Abstract

Recurrent deletions of 2q32q33 have recently been reported as a new microdeletion syndrome. Clinical features of this syndrome include severe mental retardation, growth retardation, dysmorphic features, thin and sparse hair, feeding difficulties and cleft or high palate. The commonly deleted region contains at least seven genes. Haploinsufficiency of one of these genes, SATB2, a DNA-binding protein that regulates gene expression, has been implicated as causative in the cleft or high palate of individuals with 2q32q33 microdeletion syndrome. In this study we describe three individuals with smaller microdeletions of this region, within 2q33.1. The deletions ranged in size from 173.1 kb to 185.2 kb and spanned part of SATB2. Review of clinical records showed similar clinical features among these individuals, including severe developmental delay and tooth abnormalities. Two of the individuals had behavioral problems. Only one of the subjects presented here had a cleft palate, suggesting reduced penetrance for this feature. Our results suggest that deletion of SATB2 is responsible for several of the clinical features associated with 2q32q33 microdeletion syndrome.

PMID:
19668335
PMCID:
PMC2719055
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0006568
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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