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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2009 Sep;29(9):1336-41. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.109.192088. Epub 2009 Aug 10.

Nevirapine increases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration by stimulation of apolipoprotein A-I production.

Author information

1
Department of Vascular Medicine, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism by which the nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) nevirapine (NVP) increases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc) in treatment-experienced human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1)-infected patients.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Twelve HIV-1 infected patients, with stably suppressed HIV-1 viral load using AZT/3TC/abacavir for > or =6 months, added NVP to their current antiretroviral regimen. Patients received a primed bolus infusion of the stable isotope L-[1-(13)C]-valine for 12 hours before, as well as 6 and 24 weeks after, the addition of NVP to study apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) kinetics. Absolute production rate (APR) and fractional catabolic rate (FCR) of apoA-I were calculated using SAAM-II modeling. Major HDLc-modulating enzymes were assessed. Plasma apoA-I and HDLc levels increased significantly after 24 weeks of treatment by, respectively, 13+/-4% (P=0.01) and 16+/-6% (P=0.015). Concomitantly, apoA-I production rate at 24 weeks increased by 17+/-7% (P=0.04). ApoA-I catabolism did not change. A modest increase of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase and cholesteryl ester transfer protein activity was observed.

CONCLUSIONS:

NVP increases apoA-I production, which contributes to the HDLc increase after introduction of NVP-containing regimens. In view of the potent antiatherogenic effects of apoA-I, the observed increase may contribute to the favorable cardiovascular profile of NVP.

PMID:
19667106
DOI:
10.1161/ATVBAHA.109.192088
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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