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Occup Med (Lond). 2009 Oct;59(7):515-7. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqp111. Epub 2009 Aug 10.

Disability from occupational diseases in Greece.

Author information

1
Diagnostic Centre of Occupational Medicine, Social Security Institute (IKA), Athens, Greece. giorgoskour@in.gr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Occupational diseases (ODs) are often under-reported. OD Medical Committees of the Greek Social Security Institute (Idryma Kinonikon Asfaliseon-IKA) are believed to be the only reliable source of data on ODs in Greece.

AIMS:

To analyse the results of OD Medical Committees of IKA on the claims for OD Disablement Benefit (ODDB) during a 5 year period.

METHODS:

Two hundred and ninety-nine claims for ODDB were submitted to IKA from 2003 to 2007. These claims were examined on a monthly basis.

RESULTS:

One hundred and seventy-one cases of ODs (153 men and 18 women, mean age = 57 +/- 8 years) were recorded (recognition rate = 61%); 125 of these qualified for ODDB (pension rate = 42%). The main diagnosis was allergic contact dermatitis (40% of total cases of ODs), followed by lead toxicity (12%) and asthma (11%). Of the six main diagnoses, the most serious was lead toxicity (mean disability percentage = 59 +/- 19%, n = 21).

CONCLUSIONS:

This study reveals flaws in the existing system of recognition of ODs in Greece, illustrated mainly by the small number of claims for ODDB. Possible explanations are delays in establishing a new widened list of ODs, lack of a unified recording and notification system, lack of motivation on behalf of the patients and the small number of occupational physicians.

PMID:
19666962
DOI:
10.1093/occmed/kqp111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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