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Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 1990 Jul-Aug;3(4):259-67.

Localization and characterization of the region encoding catabolism of mannopinic acid from the octopine-type Ti plasmid pTi15955.

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Department of Plant Pathology, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801.


The region of the octopine-type tumor-inducing (Ti) plasmid pTi15955 encoding catabolism of mannopinic acid was localized to an 18-kilobase (kb) segment mapping between Ti plasmid coordinates 70 and 88. A subclone containing only this region normally did not allow utilization of any other mannityl opine. However, spontaneous mutants of the plasmid were isolated that conferred catabolism of agropinic acid. While the mutants remained regulated for mannopinic acid utilization, induction by this opine resulted in increased activity associated with agropinic acid catabolism. Respirometric studies and results from growth assays on mannopinic acid analogues indicated that the genes encoded on the 18-kb subclone were regulated in a wild-type fashion. By means of these analogues, spontaneous constitutive mutants were isolated. In several cases, the mutant phenotype was associated with an insertion event mapping within a 300-base pair region of the subclone insert. Although constitutive for catabolism of mannopinic acid, these mutants remained unable to catabolize any of the other mannityl opines. Segregation studies and genetic reconstitution experiments showed that one of the subclones isolated directly in Agrobacterium was actually composed of two complementing recombinant plasmids contained in the same cell. This indicated that the genes encoding mannopinic acid catabolism were organized into at least two complementation groups. These results point to a high degree of complexity in the organization and regulation of Ti plasmid genes encoding catabolism of a relatively simple carbon source.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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