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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009 Oct 16;388(2):350-4. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.08.005. Epub 2009 Aug 6.

Green tea epigallocatechin-3-gallate inhibits microsomal prostaglandin E(2) synthase-1.

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Department for Pharmaceutical Analytics, Pharmaceutical Institute, University of Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 8, D-72076 Tuebingen, Germany.


Prostaglandin (PG)E(2) is a critical lipid mediator connecting chronic inflammation to cancer. The anti-carcinogenic epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) from green tea (Camellia sinensis) suppresses cellular PGE(2) biosynthesis, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. Here, we investigated the interference of EGCG with enzymes involved in PGE(2) biosynthesis, namely cytosolic phospholipase (cPL)A(2), cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and -2, and microsomal prostaglandin E(2) synthase-1 (mPGES-1). EGCG failed to significantly inhibit isolated COX-2 and cPLA(2) up to 30 microM and moderately blocked isolated COX-1 (IC(50)>30 microM). However, EGCG efficiently inhibited the transformation of PGH(2) to PGE(2) catalyzed by mPGES-1 (IC(50)=1.8 microM). In lipopolysaccharide-stimulated human whole blood, EGCG significantly inhibited PGE(2) generation, whereas the concomitant synthesis of other prostanoids (i.e., 12(S)-hydroxy-5-cis-8,10-trans-heptadecatrienoic acid and 6-keto PGF(1alpha)) was not suppressed. Conclusively, mPGES-1 is a molecular target of EGCG, and inhibition of mPGES-1 is seemingly the predominant mechanism underlying suppression of cellular PGE(2) biosynthesis by EGCG.

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