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Vet Microbiol. 2010 Jan 6;140(1-2):122-30. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2009.07.014. Epub 2009 Jul 10.

Characterization of colonization-deficient mutants of Actinobacillus suis.

Author information

1
Department of Pathobiology, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Rd E, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1.

Abstract

Actinobacillus suis is an important opportunistic pathogen of swine that can cause disease in pigs of all ages, especially in high-health status herds. Although A. suis shares many virulence factors in common with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and can cause a haemorrhagic pleuropneumonia similar to that caused by A. pleuropneumoniae, A. suis most often causes septicaemia and diseases such as arthritis and meningitis that are sequelae to septicaemia. In a recent signature-tagged transposon mutagenesis study, 30 colonization-essential genes of A. suis were identified. In the current study, the attachment and invasion patterns of strains harboring Tn10 insertions in ompA, pfhaB1, lcbB, and cpxR were evaluated using porcine palatine tonsil organ cultures, the swine kidney epithelial cell line, SK6, and a porcine brain microvascular endothelial cell line, PBMEC/C1-2. All of these mutants attached in lower numbers than wild type to the tonsillar explants and to the SK6 cells. The ompA mutant attached in significantly lower numbers than wild type to the porcine tonsil cells (P=0.02) and to PBMEC (P=0.0008) at 60 min time point. As well, the ompA mutant showed significantly greater sensitivity than wild type to chemical stressors and to swine serum. Using fluorescent microscopy, a GST-OmpA fusion protein could be demonstrated to interact with the crypt epithelial cells of porcine palatine tonsil.

PMID:
19664889
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetmic.2009.07.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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