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Schizophr Bull. 2011 Mar;37(2):370-80. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbp066. Epub 2009 Aug 6.

Who benefits from supported employment: a meta-analytic study.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. kiyamamo@iupui.edu

Abstract

AIMS:

This meta-analysis sought to identify which subgroups of clients with severe mental illness (SMI) benefited from evidence-based supported employment.

METHODS:

We used meta-analysis to pool the samples from 4 randomized controlled trials comparing the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment to well-regarded vocational approaches using stepwise models and brokered services. Meta-analysis was used to determine the magnitude of effects for IPS/control group differences within specific client subgroups (defined by 2 work history, 7 sociodemographic, and 8 clinical variables) on 3 competitive employment outcomes (obtaining a job, total weeks worked, and job tenure).

RESULTS:

The findings strongly favored IPS, with large effect sizes across all outcomes: 0.96 for job acquisition, 0.79 for total weeks worked, and 0.74 for job tenure. Overall, 90 (77%) of the 117 effect sizes calculated for the 39 subgroups exceeded 0.70, and all 117 favored IPS.

CONCLUSIONS:

IPS produces better competitive employment outcomes for persons with SMI than alternative vocational programs regardless of background demographic, clinical, and employment characteristics.

PMID:
19661196
PMCID:
PMC3044633
DOI:
10.1093/schbul/sbp066
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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