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Antioxid Redox Signal. 2010 Feb;12(2):293-304. doi: 10.1089/ars.2009.2793.

Haptoglobin: basic and clinical aspects.

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Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.


Haptoglobin is an abundant hemoglobin-binding protein present in the plasma. The function of haptoglobin is primarily to determine the fate of hemoglobin released from red blood cells after either intravascular or extravascular hemolysis. There are two common alleles at the Hp genetic locus denoted 1 and 2. There are functional differences between the Hp 1 and Hp 2 protein products in protecting against hemoglobin-driven oxidative stress that appear to have important clinical significance. In particular, individuals with the Hp 2-2 genotype and diabetes mellitus appear to be at significantly higher risk of microvascular and macrovascular complications. A pharmacogenomic strategy of administering high dose antioxidants specifically to Hp 2-2 DM individuals may be clinically effective.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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