Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer Sci. 2009 Oct;100(10):1842-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.2009.01268.x. Epub 2009 Jul 1.

Prognostic impact of immunohistochemical biomarkers in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the rituximab era.

Author information

Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.


We evaluated the usefulness of prognostic markers in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and prednisolone (CHOP) +/- rituximab (R-CHOP) in Japan. We studied 730 patients with DLBCL; 451 received CHOP and 279 R-CHOP. We analyzed biopsy samples immunohistochemically for markers of germinal center B cells (CD10, Bcl-6), postgerminal center B cells (Multiple myeloma-1), and apoptosis (Bcl-2). The median follow-up period for surviving patients was 56.4 months for the CHOP group and 25.2 months for the R-CHOP group. DLBCL were categorized as germinal center B (GCB) subtype (352/730; 48.2%) or non-GCB subtype (378/730; 51.8%). In the CHOP group, the high expression of CD10 (P = 0.022) or Bcl-6 (P = 0.021), or GCB subtype (P = 0.05) was associated with better overall survival, whereas the high expression of Bcl-2 (P = 0.001) or MUM1 (P = 0.011), or non-GCB subtype (P = 0.05) was associated with worse overall survival. In the R-CHOP group, however, these biomarkers except Bcl-6 were not significant prognostic factors. The patients with non-GCB subtype showed improved survival in the R-CHOP group (P = 0.756). The International Prognostic Index was a useful clinical marker of survival in the CHOP group (P < 0.001) and also in the R-CHOP group (P < 0.001). Results of improved survival with rituximab addition indicate that the relevance of previously recognized prognostic factors should be re-evaluated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center