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Opt Express. 2009 Jul 20;17(15):13050-8.

Guiding properties and dispersion control of kagome lattice hollow-core photonic crystal fibers.

Author information

1
Max Born Institute, Max-Born-Str. 2a, D-12489 Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

Dispersion properties, loss and optimum design of kagome lattice hollow-core photonic crystal fibers filled with argon are studied for the purpose of possible applications in ultrafast nonlinear optics. As will be shown numerically and by using an approximate analytical formula these fibers exhibit anomalous dispersion for visible or UV wavelengths both for a 1-cell-core as well for a 3-ring-core which can be controlled by the gas pressure and do not suffer from high loss. It is shown that while the loss is mainly influenced by the strut thickness of the kagome lattice the group velocity dispersion is almost independently controlled by the core size. These results demonstrate that kagome lattice hollow fibers have a promising potential in ultrashort pulse delivering of high-energy pulses and in several interesting applications in ultrafast nonlinear optics.

PMID:
19654709

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