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Thromb Haemost. 2009 Aug;102(2):279-86. doi: 10.1160/TH08-09-0598.

Recombinant human C1-inhibitor prevents non-specific proteolysis by mutant pro-urokinase during optimal fibrinolysis.

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Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.


A single-site mutant of prouPA (M5) spared haemostatic fibrin during thrombolysis in dogs. Zymograms of plasma from these dogs showed an unusual inhibitor complex with C1-inhibitor (C1I). Purified C1I added to human plasma enhanced the fibrin-specificity of M5. In the present study, the effect of recombinant human C1I (recC1I) on high-dose M5 and tPA were compared using fluorescein-labeled standardised clots in a plasma milieu. The shortest time to complete clot lysis (maximum rate) was first determined. This was approximately 65% per hour for both activators. By contrast, their top fibrin-specific lysis rate (<20% fibrinogen depletion) was less than half maximum (25-30% per hour). Adding recC1I (250-750 microg/ml) did not affect fibrinolysis, but prevented fibrinogenolysis and plasminogen depletion by M5, raising its fibrin-specific lysis rate to the maximum. With tPA, the recC1I modestly attenuated fibrinogenolysis, raising its fibrin-specific rate to about half the maximum. Consistent with this, the t(1/2) inhibition by C1I was approximately 90 min for tPA compared with ~10 min for tcM5. The t(1/2) of C1I for plasmin was ~2 min. Zymograms of plasma after clot lysis indicated that recC1I prevented non-specific tcM5 generation from M5, as evidenced by suppression of tcM5:C1I complexes. In conclusion, recC1I raised the fibrin-specificity of M5 in plasma so that a maximum lysis rate could be achieved without fibrinogenolysis. The inhibition by C1I of non-specific but not fibrin-dependent plasminogen activation could not be duplicated by other serpins. The findings provide a potential means to optimize both the efficacy and safety of thrombolysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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