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J Toxicol Sci. 2009 Oct;34(4):407-12.

Increased H-ras mutation frequency in mammary tumors of rats initiated with N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) and treated with acrylamide.


We recently demonstrated the incidence and multiplicity of N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced mammary tumors to be increased by administration of acrylamide (AA) in post-initiation in rats. In the present study, to clarify the mechanisms of enhancement, H-ras gene mutations in mammary tumors induced in MNU-initiated rats with or without subsequent AA administration were investigated. Frequencies of mutations in codon 12 from GGA to GAA were significantly (p < 0.05) higher in rats with AA administration (82%, 23 out of 28 tumors) as compared to those without AA (50%, 9 out of 18 tumors), but the latency and volume of H-ras mutation-harboring tumors were similar to those of the mutation-lacking tumors. No mutations in codons 13 or 61 were detected in either treatment groups. The results thus indicate that H-ras gene mutations in codon 12 play a pivotal role in initiation of carcinogenesis and it appears possible that AA administration may selectively co-stimulate and/or maintain initiated cells via other genomic or non-genomic events in MNU-treated rats.

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