Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Neurochem. 2009 Sep;110(6):1942-54. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2009.06298.x. Epub 2009 Jul 23.

Botulinum neurotoxins C, E and F bind gangliosides via a conserved binding site prior to stimulation-dependent uptake with botulinum neurotoxin F utilising the three isoforms of SV2 as second receptor.

Author information

  • 1Institut für Toxikologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany. rummel.andreas@mh-hannover.de

Abstract

The high toxicity of clostridial neurotoxins primarily results from their specific binding and uptake into neurons. At motor neurons, the seven botulinum neurotoxin serotypes A-G (BoNT/A-G) inhibit acetylcholine release, leading to flaccid paralysis, while tetanus neurotoxin blocks neurotransmitter release in inhibitory neurons, resulting in spastic paralysis. Uptake of BoNT/A, B, E and G requires a dual interaction with gangliosides and the synaptic vesicle (SV) proteins synaptotagmin or SV2, whereas little is known about the entry mechanisms of the remaining serotypes. Here, we demonstrate that BoNT/F as wells depends on the presence of gangliosides, by employing phrenic nerve hemidiaphragm preparations derived from mice expressing GM3, GM2, GM1 and GD1a or only GM3. Subsequent site-directed mutagenesis based on homology models identified the ganglioside binding site at a conserved location in BoNT/E and F. Using the mice phrenic nerve hemidiaphragm assay as a physiological model system, cross-competition of full-length neurotoxin binding by recombinant binding fragments, plus accelerated neurotoxin uptake upon increased electrical stimulation, indicate that BoNT/F employs SV2 as protein receptor, whereas BoNT/C and D utilise different SV receptor structures. The co-precipitation of SV2A, B and C from Triton-solubilised SVs by BoNT/F underlines this conclusion.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk