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Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2009 Nov;53(10):1282-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-6576.2009.02052.x. Epub 2009 Jul 22.

Analgesia before a spinal block for femoral neck fracture: fascia iliaca compartment block.

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1
Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In this prospective randomized study, the authors compared the analgesic effect of a fascia iliaca compartment (FIC) block with that of intravenous (i.v.) alfentanil when administered to facilitate positioning for spinal anaesthesia in elderly patients undergoing surgery for a femoral neck fracture.

METHODS:

The 40 patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups, namely, the FIC group (fascia iliaca compartment block, n=20) and the IVA group (intravenous analgesia with alfentanil, n=20). Group IVA patients received a bolus dose of i.v. alfentanil 10 microg/kg, followed by a continuous infusion of alfentanil 0.25 microg/kg/min starting 2 min before the spinal block, and group FIC patients received a FIC block with 30 ml of ropivacaine 3.75 mg/ml (112.5 mg) 20 min before the spinal block. Visual analogue pain scale (VAS) scores, time to achieve spinal anaesthesia, quality of patient positioning, and patient acceptance were compared.

RESULTS:

VAS scores during positioning (mean and range) were lower in the FIC group than in the IVA group [2.0 (1-4) vs. 3.5 (2-6), P=0.001], and the mean (+/- SD) time to achieve spinal anaesthesia was shorter in the FIC group (6.9 +/- 2.7 min vs. 10.8 +/- 5.6 min; P=0.009). Patient acceptance (yes/no) was also better in the FIC group (19/1) than in the IVA group (12/8)(P=0.008).

CONCLUSIONS:

An FIC block is more efficacious than i.v. alfentanil in terms of facilitating the lateral position for spinal anaesthesia in elderly patients undergoing surgery for femoral neck fractures.

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