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Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi. 2009 May;29(5):1323-6.

[Spectroscopic analysis of Nd:GGG laser crystal].

[Article in Chinese]

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College of Material Science and Engineering of Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun 130022, China.


Neodymium-doped gadolinium gallium garnet (Nd:GGG)crystal is the best operation material of solid-state heat-capacity laser. In the present paper, Nd:GGG single crystal was grown by Czochralski (Cz) method. Fluorescence spectra and absorption spectra were measured. At the same time, the spectral parameters of Nd:GGG laser crystal were calculated by Judd-Ofelt theory, including absorption and emission cross-section, intensity parameters, radiative transition probability, fluorescence branch ratio and fluorescent lifetime. According to the measurement and calculation of absorption spectra, it is illustrated that the main absorption peak of Nd: GGG crystal was at near 808 nm, the absorption cross section of the main peak at 808 nm sigma abs, was equal to 4. 35 x 10(-20) cm2. The FWHM of absorption line-width was equal to 8 nm, and the absorption intensity became stronger with the increase in Nd3+ ions concentration. According to the measurement and calculation of fluorescence spectra, the fluorescence emission peak was at near 1062 nm, which corresponds to 4F(3/2) - 4(I(11/2) emission band of Nd3+ ions. The radiative transition probabilityof the main emission peak at 1062 nm A(jj') was equal to 1 832.01 s(-1). The fluorescence branch ratio betajj was equal to 45.07%. The fluorescence lifetime r was equal to 250 micros. The stimulated emission cross section sigma(lamda) was equal to 21.58 x 10(-20) cm2. The laser operationof 4F(3/2) - 4I(11/2) transition can be realized due to the larger fluorescence branch ratio and stimulated emission cross section

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