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Plant Signal Behav. 2009 Feb;4(2):142-4.

Two different signaling pathways for thaxtomin A-induced cell death in Arabidopsis and tobacco BY2.

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LEM (EA 3514), Université Paris Diderot-Paris7, Paris, France.


Thaxtomin A (TXT) is a phytotoxin produced by all plant-pathogenic Streptomyces scabies involved in the potato scab disease. Their pathogenicity was previously correlated with the production of TXT. Calcium is known to be an essential second messenger associated with pathogen-induced plant responses and cell death. We have effectively shown that in Arabidopsis thaliana cell suspensions, TXT induces an early short lived Ca(2+) influx which is involved in the cell death process and other TXT-induced responses. We extended our study to Nicotiana tabacum BY2 by monitoring cell death and changes in cytosolic calcium concentration on cells expressing the apoaequorine Ca(2+) reporter protein to compare the responses to TXT of the two model plants, tobacco and A. thaliana. Our investigations show that cell death in BY2 appeared to be dose dependent with a lag of sensitivity comparing to A. thaliana. Moreover, pathway leading to cell death in BY2 does not involve calcium signaling. Our results suggest that different pathways are engaged in A. thaliana and N. tabacum BY2 to achieve the same response to TXT.


Arabidopsis thaliana; Nicotiana tabacum BY2; calcium; cell death; plant pathogen; thaxtomin A

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