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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2009 Oct;29(10):645-55. doi: 10.1089/jir.2008.0099.

GAGE, an antiapoptotic protein binds and modulates the expression of nucleophosmin/B23 and interferon regulatory factor 1.

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Davee Department of Neurology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60610, USA.


The GAGE family of highly related tumor antigens is expressed in a variety of tumors. This albeit silent gene expression resulted in resistance of cells to various apoptotic agents such as Fas, interferon-gamma, Taxol, or gamma-radiation. We now report that GAGE overexpression in either HeLa (expressing endogenous GAGE) or HEK293 (devoid of GAGE expression) rendered those cells unsusceptible to cell death induced by IFN-gamma. We investigated the underlying mechanism of GAGE-induced cell survival upon treatment with IFN-gamma in this report. We showed that GAGE overexpression resulted in down-regulation of a key player of IFN-gamma-signaling pathway, interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1), and its target genes caspase-1 and caspase-7. An interaction between GAGE and IRF1 is detected in cells. Furthermore, GAGE interacted with a multifunctional protein nucleophosmin (NPM)/B23 and increased its abundance by stabilizing the protein. Increased level of NPM/B23 in conjunction with decreased level of IRF1 could aid GAGE-induced resistance to IFN-gamma. Our results suggest that GAGE could rescue cell death induced by IFN-gamma by altering the level of key players in cell death pathways. As GAGE is silent in most healthy tissues, targeting GAGE could result in therapeutic interventions in cancer therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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