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J Neurosci Res. 1990 Dec;27(4):697-705.

Characterization of adult human astrocytes derived from explant culture.

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Department of Pathology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH 44195.


Four different human astrocytic cell lines established from either epilepsy surgical specimens or cerebral white matter obtained during thalamotomy for tremor in a patient with multiple sclerosis were characterized using morphologic analysis, ultrastructural attributes, growth characteristics, and immunocytochemical analysis. Immunocytochemical characterization of cultures indicated a mean of 84% of cells contained cytoplasmic glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP): to confirm that GFAP(+) cells also proliferated, bromo-deoxyuridine (BrdU) uptake was measured in cell line. Our method of simplified explant culture allows establishment of astrocytic cell lines from a variety of pathologic substrates using limited amounts of human material.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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