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Odontology. 2009 Jul;97(2):76-83. doi: 10.1007/s10266-008-0099-7. Epub 2009 Jul 29.

Diagnosis and treatment of xerostomia (dry mouth).

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Department of Oral Medicine, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, NC, USA.


Xerostomia (dry mouth) is a common complaint with widespread implications such as impaired quality of life, oral pain, and numerous oral complications. There are a variety of salivary and nonsalivary causes of xerostomia, the most frequent being medication side effects and systemic disorders. A systematic approach should be employed to determine the etiology of this condition, with distinctions made between patients with subjective complaints of xerostomia alone and those with measurable salivary gland dysfunction. Management is multidisciplinary and multimodal. This review summarizes the current literature on the etiology, diagnosis, and complications of xerostomia, and on the management of patients with xerostomia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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