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Carcinogenesis. 2009 Oct;30(10):1796-804. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgp183. Epub 2009 Jul 28.

HGF/Met signalling promotes PGE(2) biogenesis via regulation of COX-2 and 15-PGDH expression in colorectal cancer cells.

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1
Cancer Research UK Colorectal Tumour Biology Group, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol, UK.

Abstract

Evidence points towards a pivotal role for cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in promoting colorectal tumorigenesis through increasing prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) levels. PGE(2) signalling is closely associated with the survival, proliferation and invasion of colorectal cancer cells. Recently, a reduction in PGE(2) inactivation, a process mediated by the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH), has also been shown to promote tumoral PGE(2) accumulation. The hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) receptor, Met, is frequently over-expressed in colorectal tumours and promotes cancer growth, metastasis and resistance to therapy, although the mechanisms for this have not been fully elucidated. Here, we report that HGF/Met signalling can promote PGE(2) biogenesis in colorectal cancer cells via COX-2 up-regulation and 15-PGDH down-regulation at the protein and messenger RNA level. Pharmacological inhibition of MEK and PI3K suggested that both extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and AKT signalling are required for COX-2 protein up-regulation and 15-PGDH down-regulation downstream of Met. Notably, inhibition of Met with the small molecule inhibitor SU11274 reduced COX-2 expression and increased 15-PGDH expression in high Met-expressing cells. We also show that hypoxia potentiated HGF-driven COX-2 expression and enhanced PGE(2) release. Furthermore, inhibition of COX-2 impeded the growth-promoting effects of HGF, suggesting that the COX-2/PGE(2) pathway is an important mediator of HGF/Met signalling. These data reveal a critical role for HGF/Met signalling in promoting PGE(2) biogenesis in colorectal cancer cells. Targeting the crosstalk between these two important pathways may be useful for therapeutic treatment of colorectal cancer.

PMID:
19638428
DOI:
10.1093/carcin/bgp183
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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