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Mol Aspects Med. 2009 Dec;30(6):439-55. doi: 10.1016/j.mam.2009.07.003. Epub 2009 Jul 26.

Cellular and systemic effects of anthrax lethal toxin and edema toxin.

Author information

1
Bacterial Toxins and Therapeutics Section, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Building 33, Room 1W20B, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. mmoayeri@niaid.nih.gov

Abstract

Anthrax lethal toxin (LT) and edema toxin (ET) are the major virulence factors of anthrax and can replicate the lethality and symptoms associated with the disease. This review provides an overview of our current understanding of anthrax toxin effects in animal models and the cytotoxicity (necrosis and apoptosis) induced by LT in different cells. A brief reexamination of early historic findings on toxin in vivo effects in the context of our current knowledge is also presented.

PMID:
19638283
PMCID:
PMC2784088
DOI:
10.1016/j.mam.2009.07.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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