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J Phys Chem B. 2009 Aug 20;113(33):11463-78. doi: 10.1021/jp905220k.

Polarizable force field development and molecular dynamics simulations of ionic liquids.

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Wasatch Molecular Inc., 2141 St. Marys Drive, Ste 102, Salt Lake City, Utah 84108, USA.


A many-body polarizable force field has been developed and validated for ionic liquids (ILs) containing 1-methyl-3-alkylimidazolium, 1-alkyl-2-methyl-3-alkylimidazolium, N-methyl-N-alkylpyrrolidinium, N-alkylpyridinium, N-alkyl-N-alkylpiperidinium, N-alkyl-N-alkylmorpholinium, tetraalkylammonium, tetraalkylphosphonium, N-methyl-N-oligoetherpyrrolidinium cations and BF(4)(-), CF(3)BF(3)(-), CH(3)BF(3)(-), CF(3)SO(3)(-), PF(6)(-), dicyanamide, tricyanomethanide, tetracyanoborate, bis(trifluoromethane sulfonyl)imide (Ntf(2)(-) or TFSI(-)), bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (FSI(-)) and nitrate anions. Classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been performed on 30 ionic liquids at 298, 333, and 393 K. The IL density, heat of vaporization, ion self-diffusion coefficient, conductivity, and viscosity were found in a good agreement with available experimental data. Ability of the developed force field to predict ionic crystal cell parameters has been tested on four ionic crystals containing Ntf(2)(-) anions. The influence of polarization on the structure and ion transport has been investigated for [emim][BF(4)] IL. A connection between the structural changes in IL resulting from turning off polarization and slowing down of ion dynamics has been found. Developed force field has also provided accurate description/prediction of thermodynamic and transport properties of alkanes, fluoroalkanes, oligoethers (1,2-dimethoxyethane), ethylene carbonate, propylene carbonate, dimethyl carbonate, hydrazine, methyhydrazine, dimethylhydrazine, acetonitrile, dimethyl amine, and dimethyl ketone.


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