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Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1990 Oct;371(10):1021-5.

Human fibroblasts release low amounts of reactive oxygen species in response to the potent phagocyte stimulants, serum-treated zymosan, N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine, leukotriene B4 or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate.

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Chemisches Institut, Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover.


Cell lines of human fibroblasts from primary cultures released reactive oxygen species, and displayed an increase in low-level chemiluminescence when stimulated with serum-treated zymosan, N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine, leukotriene B4, or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate, all of which are known stimulants of respiratory burst in phagocytic cells. Non-serum-treated zymosan, interleukin-6, interleukin-2, interferon-gamma or complement factor C3b were ineffective. The primary radical species produced was O theta.2. Radical formation was continuous for up to 4 h, and it did not occur as an oxidative burst. The low level chemiluminescence probably arose from the excitation of carbonyl groups, since it remained unchanged in the presence of azide and 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane. While the release of reactive oxygen species in phagocytes has a function in defense mechanisms, the sustained production of such species in tissue cells may have a role in signaling mechanisms. The amounts of reactive oxygen species released by the fibroblasts upon stimulation with the stimulants mentioned above were low in comparison with the known stimulatory effects of cytokines [Meier et al. (1989) Biochem. J. 263, 539-545].

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