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Regul Pept. 2009 Nov 27;158(1-3):26-31. doi: 10.1016/j.regpep.2009.07.010. Epub 2009 Jul 23.

Bombesin enhances TGF-beta growth inhibitory effect through apoptosis induction in intestinal epithelial cells.

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Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


Mammalian intestinal epithelium undergoes continuous cell turn over, with cell proliferation in the crypts and apoptosis in the villus. Both transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta and gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) are involved in the regulation of intestinal epithelial cells for division, differentiation, adhesion, migration and death. Previously, we have shown that TGF-beta and bombesin (BBS) synergistically induce cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression and subsequent prostaglandin E(2) (PGE2) production through p38(MAPK) in rat intestinal epithelial cell line stably transfected with GRP receptor (RIE/GRPR), suggesting the interaction between TGF-beta signaling pathway and GRPR. The current study examined the biological responses of RIE/GRPR cells to TGF-beta and BBS. Treatment with TGF-beta1 (40 pM) and BBS (100 nM) together synergistically inhibited RIE/GRPR growth and induced apoptosis. Pretreatment with SB203580 (10 microM), a specific inhibitor of p38(MAPK), partially blocked the synergistic effect of TGF-beta and BBS on apoptosis. In conclusion, BBS enhanced TGF-beta growth inhibitory effect through apoptosis induction, which is at least partially mediated by p38(MAPK).

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