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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2009 Nov;147(1):21-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2009.06.025. Epub 2009 Jul 22.

Abdominal myofascial pain syndrome must be considered in the differential diagnosis of chronic pelvic pain.

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Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil.


Chronic pelvic pain is lower abdominal pain lasting at least 6 months, occurring continuously or intermittently and not associated exclusively with menstruation or intercourse. The involvement of the musculoskeletal system in chronic pelvic pain has been increasingly demonstrated. However, few studies exclusively examining abdominal myofascial pain syndrome as a cause of chronic pelvic pain in women are available. Therefore the objective of this manuscript is to describe the association between abdominal myofascial pain syndrome and chronic pelvic pain in women, and comment on methods for diagnosis and therapeutic options. There is evidence that the musculoskeletal system is compromised in some way in most women with chronic pelvic pain and that in 15% of these cases chronic pelvic pain is associated with abdominal myofascial pain syndrome but the scarcity of published data impairs the definition of protocols for the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. Abdominal myofascial pain syndrome is a highly prevalent disease associated with CPP, and because of this physicians should get used to make a precise and early diagnosis in order to avoid additional and unnecessary investigation.

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