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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Jul 28;54(5):445-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2009.04.038.

Prevalence and pathophysiologic attributes of ventricular dyssynchrony in arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study sought to investigate the prevalence and mechanisms underlying right ventricular (RV) dyssynchrony in arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) using tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE).

BACKGROUND:

An ARVD/C is characterized by fibrofatty replacement of RV myocardium and RV dilation. These pathologic changes may result in electromechanical dyssynchrony.

METHODS:

Echocardiography, both conventional and TDE, was performed in 52 ARVD/C patients fulfilling Task Force criteria and 25 control subjects. The RV end-diastolic and -systolic areas, right ventricular fractional area change (RVFAC), and left ventricular (LV) volumes and function were assessed. Mechanical synchrony was assessed by measuring differences in time-to-peak systolic velocity (T(SV)) between the RV free wall, ventricular septum, and LV lateral wall. An RV dyssynchrony was defined as the difference in T(SV) between the RV free wall and the ventricular septum, >2 SD above the mean value for control subjects.

RESULTS:

The mean difference in RV T(SV) was higher in ARVD/C compared with control subjects (55 +/- 34 ms vs. 26 +/- 15 ms, p < 0.001). Significant RV dyssynchrony was not noted in any of the control subjects. Based on a cutoff value of 56 ms, significant RV dyssynchrony was present in 26 ARVD/C patients (50%). Patients with RV dyssynchrony had a larger RV end-diastolic area (22 +/- 5 cm(2) vs. 19 +/- 4 cm(2), p = 0.02), and lower RVFAC (29 +/- 8% vs. 34 +/- 8%, p = 0.03) compared with ARVD/C patients without RV dyssynchrony. No differences in QRS duration, LV volumes, or function were present between the 2 groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

An RV dyssynchrony may occur in up to 50% of ARVD/C patients, and is associated with RV remodeling. This finding may have therapeutic and prognostic implications in ARVD/C.

PMID:
19628120
PMCID:
PMC4138506
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2009.04.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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