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Am J Transplant. 2009 Sep;9(9):2140-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2009.02752.x. Epub 2009 Jul 16.

Posttransplantation hypomagnesemia and its relation with immunosuppression as predictors of new-onset diabetes after transplantation.

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Renal Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.


New-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) is a frequent complication and has an impact on patient and graft survival. Hypomagnesemia is common in both renal transplant recipients and in diabetics. This study examines the relationship between hypomagnesemia, NODAT and the type of immunosuppression in renal transplant recipients. We conducted a retrospective single-center analysis (2002-2008) in order to assess NODAT the first year posttransplantation as defined by American Diabetes Association criteria. Serum magnesium (Mg) levels were defined as the median of all Mg levels registered during the first month posttransplantation. Patients with NODAT (N = 75; 29.5%) versus non-NODAT had lower Mg levels (p < 0.001). Patients with an Mg level < versus > or = 1.9 mg/dL showed a faster development of NODAT (log-rank p < 0.001). Mg levels were lower in patients on calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) versus no CNI patients (p < 0.001). Mg levels, albumin, BMI, triglycerides, posttransplantation hyperglycemia, tacrolimus levels and the use of sirolimus were predictors of NODAT in the multivariate analysis. Hypomagnesemia was an independent predictor of NODAT in renal transplant recipients. We confirm that the use of CNI is associated with NODAT, but, to a large extent, this effect seems attributable to the induction of hypomagnesemia. After adjustment for Mg, sirolimus was also associated with NODAT.

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