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Turk Neurosurg. 2009 Jul;19(3):256-9.

A rare but fatal case of granulomatous amebic encephalitis with brain abscess: the first case reported from Turkey.

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  • 1Başkent University, School of Medicine, Neurosurgery Department, Ankara, Turkey.


The incidence of protozoal and helminthic infestations of the central nervous system (CNS) is less than 1%, but these infestations tend to follow a fatal course. They are more common among children, the elderly and immunocompromised individuals. CNS infections due to Entamoeba histolytica have been known for a long time. In recent years, especially in developing countries, there has been an increase in CNS infections due to free-living amebas (FLAs). Acute CNS infection due to Naegleria fowleri, which ends in death within 2-7 days, is termed primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM); subacute or chronic CNS infections due to Acanthamoeba spp, Balamuthia mandrillaris, and Sappinia diploidea, which occasionally cause cerebral abscess, are termed granulomatous amebic encephalitis (GAE). This paper presents a case of GAE with abscess formation in a 75-year-old male patient.

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