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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Aug;138(2):405-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2009.02.046.

Extrapleural pneumonectomy followed by intracavitary intraoperative hyperthermic cisplatin with pharmacologic cytoprotection for treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma: a phase II prospective study.

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Department of Thoracic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA.



We sought to prospectively determine the feasibility and safety of hyperthermic intraoperative intracavitary cisplatin perfusion immediately after extrapleural pneumonectomy in the treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma.


Patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma who were surgical candidates underwent extrapleural pneumonectomy followed by hyperthermic intraoperative intracavitary cisplatin perfusion, consisting of a 1-hour lavage of the chest and abdomen with cisplatin (42 degrees C) at 225 mg/m(2). Pharmacologic cytoprotection consisted of intravenous sodium thiosulfate with or without amifostine. Morbidity and mortality were recorded prospectively.


Ninety-six (79%) of 121 enrolled patients underwent extrapleural pneumonectomy, of whom 92 (76%) received hyperthermic intraoperative intracavitary cisplatin perfusion after extrapleural pneumonectomy. Fifty-three (58%) patients had epithelial tumors, and 39 (42%) had nonepithelial histology. Hospital mortality was 4.3%. Morbidity (grade 3 or 4, 49%) included atrial fibrillation in 22 (23.9%) patients, venous thrombosis in 12 (13%) patients, and laryngeal nerve dysfunction in 10 (11%) patients. Nine patients had renal toxicity, which was attributable to cisplatin in 8 of them. Among the 27 patients who also received amifostine (910 mg/m(2)), 1 patient had grade 3 renal toxicity attributable to cisplatin. Recurrence of malignant pleural mesothelioma was documented in 47 (51%) patients, with ipsilateral recurrence in 17.4% of patients. The median survival of the 121 enrolled patients was 12.8 months.


Hyperthermic intraoperative intracavitary cisplatin perfusion following extrapleural pneumonectomy can be performed with acceptable morbidity and mortality. The use of amifostine in addition to sodium thiosulfate might reduce cisplatin-associated renal toxicity. Hyperthermic intraoperative intracavitary cisplatin perfusion following extrapleural pneumonectomy might enhance local control in the chest.

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