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Epidemiol Infect. 2010 Feb;138(2):253-63. doi: 10.1017/S0950268809990409. Epub 2009 Jul 21.

A 7-year surveillance for ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae at a university hospital in Taiwan: the increase of CTX-M-15 in the ICU.

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Department of Medical Biotechnology and Laboratory Science, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan.


To monitor the changing trend of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria, a 7-year continuous study was launched in 2001 at the largest tertiary hospital in Taiwan. A significant increase over the study period was evident for ESBL-producing isolates of Escherichia coli (4.8-10.0%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (15.0-23.4%). Molecular investigation conducted in three separate periods revealed the prevalent ESBL types and their genetic relatedness. CTX-M-producing isolates (73.8%) were more prevalent than SHV-type ESBLs (37.0%), the most frequent being CTX-M-14 (34.3%), CTX-M-3 (25.9%), and SHV-12 (25.7%). However, a marked increase of CTX-M-15-producing isolates from 2.1% in 2002 to 29.6% in 2007 was also noted. The increase of ESBL-producing isolates in both species may be mainly due to the horizontal transmission of resistance plasmids, while clonal expansion of some epidemic strains further added to the dispersion of ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae.

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