Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Support Care Cancer. 2009 Nov;17(11):1345-51. doi: 10.1007/s00520-009-0684-5. Epub 2009 Jul 18.

A descriptive review of the factors contributing to nutritional compromise in patients with head and neck cancer.

Author information

1
Gerald Bronfman Center for Clinical Research in Oncology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H2W 1S6, Canada. martin.chasen@mcgill.ca

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Malnutrition has been known to be associated with adverse outcomes in cancer patients. Patients who have been and/or are being treated for head and neck cancer have a compromised nutritional status. Nutritional deficits have a significant impact on mortality, morbidity, and quality of life.

DISCUSSION:

The wasting in cancer cachexia involves loss of muscle and fat and reflects a catabolic metabolism induced by an abnormal host response to tumor presence and/or tumor factors. Disturbances of various physiological functions like taste, smell, dysphagia, xerostomia apart from cachexia can contribute to long-term nutritional complications and outcome.

CONCLUSION:

Improved management of patients in posttreatment for head and neck cancer may require a multimodal approach by a multidisciplinary team and is best commenced earlier in the trajectory of the disease.

PMID:
19618218
DOI:
10.1007/s00520-009-0684-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center