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Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2009 Dec;24(12):3751-5. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfp357. Epub 2009 Jul 18.

Prevalence of ambulatory hypotension in elderly patients with CKD stages 3 and 4.

Author information

1
Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Audrey Emerton Building, Brighton, East Sussex, BN2 5BE, UK. ltomlinson@doctors.org.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent understanding of the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has led us to the introduction of national blood pressure (BP) targets aimed at reducing the incidence of end-stage renal failure. The target clinic BP is <140/90 mmHg and <130/80 in patients with significant proteinuria according to UK NICE guidelines. However, the relationship between clinic BP and ambulatory hypotension has not been studied.

METHODS:

We prospectively collected data regarding cardiovascular risk factors, clinic and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24-h ABPM) in 98 treated patients with CKD stages 3 and 4.

RESULTS:

The mean percentage of systolic blood pressure (SBP) recordings <100 mmHg was 21.2 +/- 16.2% and of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) recordings <60 mmHg was 19.8 +/- 16.9%. The patients were divided into two groups above and below the median age. The older group had a higher percentage of cardiovascular disease than younger patients (57.1 versus 34.7, P = 0.03) and a lower percentage of primary renal disease (18.4 versus 55.1, P < 0.01). Clinic SBP was higher in the older group (158.4 +/- 20.1 versus 147.2 +/- 17.8 mmHg, P < 0.01) but 24-h ABPM SBP was not different (117.3 +/- 14.7 versus 121.0 +/- 12.8 mmHg, P = 0.19). DBP was lower in the older group for both clinic BP (80.3 +/- 10.2 versus 85.5 +/- 12.3 mmHg, P = 0.03) and 24-h ABPM (69.1 +/- 8.2 versus 76.7 +/- 8.8 mmHg, P = <0.01). There were a higher percentage of systolic (SBP <100 mmHg) and diastolic (DBP<60 mmHg) hypotensive episodes in the older group (21.3 +/- 18.9 versus 13.2 +/- 13.6% P = 0.02 and 21.6 +/- 17.9 versus 8.1 +/- 13.3%, P < 0.01, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

Hypotension was common among treated CKD patients and despite similar clinic SBP, older CKD patients had lower 24-h ABPM DBP and more frequent systolic and diastolic hypotensive episodes. Further research is underway into how this relates to antihypertensive therapy and future outcomes.

PMID:
19617603
DOI:
10.1093/ndt/gfp357
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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