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Environ Pollut. 2009 Dec;157(12):3370-8. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2009.06.024. Epub 2009 Jul 19.

Management-oriented sensitivity analysis for pesticide transport in watershed-scale water quality modeling using SWAT.

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1
University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

Abstract

The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) was calibrated for hydrology conditions in an agricultural watershed of Orestimba Creek, California, and applied to simulate fate and transport of two organophosphate pesticides chlorpyrifos and diazinon. The model showed capability in evaluating pesticide fate and transport processes in agricultural fields and instream network. Management-oriented sensitivity analysis was conducted by applied stochastic SWAT simulations for pesticide distribution. Results of sensitivity analysis identified the governing processes in pesticide outputs as surface runoff, soil erosion, and sedimentation in the study area. By incorporating sensitive parameters in pesticide transport simulation, effects of structural best management practices (BMPs) in improving surface water quality were demonstrated by SWAT modeling. This study also recommends conservation practices designed to reduce field yield and in-stream transport capacity of sediment, such as filter strip, grassed waterway, crop residue management, and tailwater pond to be implemented in the Orestimba Creek watershed.

PMID:
19616876
DOI:
10.1016/j.envpol.2009.06.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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