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Prim Care. 2009 Sep;36(3):603-21. doi: 10.1016/j.pop.2009.04.007.

Risk factors, prevention and early detection of prostate cancer.

Author information

1
Brady Urological Institute, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 600 N Wolfe Street, Marburg 1, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. stacyloeb@gmail.com

Abstract

Approximately one in six men in the United States will develop prostate cancer during their lifetime. Genetic and environmental variables play a role in determining prostate cancer risk. This article highlights the latest evidence regarding the risk factors for prostate cancer. The current screening strategies using prostate-specific antigen and digital rectal examination are also discussed, as well as the limitations of these protocols and potential methods for improving early detection.

PMID:
19616157
DOI:
10.1016/j.pop.2009.04.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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