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J Appl Microbiol. 2009 Dec 1;107(6):2088-97. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2009.04431.x. Epub 2009 Jul 15.

16S rRNA gene sequence-based analysis of clostridia related to conversion of germfree mice to the normal state.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Veterinary Public Health, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

AIMS:

To determine phylogenetic groups of clostridia inhabiting the mouse intestine that are essential for normalization of germfree (GF) mice.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Using both the culture method and cloning, clostridia inhabiting the mouse intestine were isolated, and phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences was carried out. As a result, the isolates were found to have novel sequences, and no isolate was determined to be identical to previously known identified clostridia. Although the taxonomy of mouse intestinal clostridia was complex, many of them belonged to Clostridium clusters XIVa and IV in conventional (CV) and limited flora mice and ex-germfree mice administered chloroform-treated CV mouse faeces. The clostridia that belonged to cluster XIVa were most often present and showed the highest diversity.

CONCLUSIONS:

Clostridia belonging clusters XIVa and IV are dominant in the mouse intestine as in other gut ecosystems. The novel groups in these clusters are essential for normalization of GF mice.

SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY:

The results of this study can be applied in the strict control of mouse intestinal microbiota and will provide important information for normalization of GF mice and also for research on microbiology of the mouse intestine.

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