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Anesth Analg. 2009 Aug;109(2):502-5. doi: 10.1213/ane.0b013e3181a83178.

The effect of intravenous alanyl-glutamine supplementation on plasma glutathione levels in intensive care unit trauma patients receiving enteral nutrition: the results of a randomized controlled trial.

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Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey.



We sought to investigate the effect of IV alanyl-glutamine supplementation on plasma glutathione levels in severely traumatized patients receiving enteral nutrition.


Forty adult patients with severe trauma according to the Injury Severity Score >20 were enrolled in this randomized, controlled study. The patients were assigned to two groups: Group G received 0.5 g x kg(-1) x d(-1) of alanyl-glutamine dipeptide supplementation IV, and Group C received a control solution without alanyl-glutamine for 7 days. Blood samples were taken for analysis of glutathione before the initiation of supplementation and on the 3rd, 7th, and 10th days of feeding.


Total plasma glutathione levels significantly increased in Group G when compared with Group C on Days 7 and 10 (1.34 +/- 0.20 microM vs 1.13 +/- 0.14 microM, and 1.38 +/- 0.19 microM vs 1.12 +/- 0.16 microM) (P < 0.001).


This study demonstrates that IV alanyl-glutamine supplementation for 7 days increases total plasma glutathione levels in critically ill trauma patients receiving standard enteral nutrition.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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