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J Virol. 2009 Oct;83(19):10275-9. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00949-09. Epub 2009 Jul 15.

Ganglioside GT1b is a putative host cell receptor for the Merkel cell polyomavirus.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado at Boulder, 347 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309, USA.

Abstract

The Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) was identified recently in human Merkel cell carcinomas, an aggressive neuroendocrine skin cancer. Here, we identify a putative host cell receptor for MCPyV. We found that recombinant MCPyV VP1 pentameric capsomeres both hemagglutinated sheep red blood cells and interacted with ganglioside GT1b in a sucrose gradient flotation assay. Structural differences between the analyzed gangliosides suggest that MCPyV VP1 likely interacts with sialic acids on both branches of the GT1b carbohydrate chain. Identification of a potential host cell receptor for MCPyV will aid in the elucidation of its entry mechanism and pathophysiology.

PMID:
19605473
PMCID:
PMC2748031
DOI:
10.1128/JVI.00949-09
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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