Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Cancer. 2009 Jul 15;8:49. doi: 10.1186/1476-4598-8-49.

Breast cancer cells stimulate osteoprotegerin (OPG) production by endothelial cells through direct cell contact.

Author information

1
Academic Units of Clinical Oncology and Surgical Oncology, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. p.reid@sheffield.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Angiogenesis, the sprouting of capillaries from existing blood vessels, is central to tumour growth and progression, however the molecular regulation of this process remains to be fully elucidated. The secreted glycoprotein osteoprotegerin (OPG) is one potential pro-angiogenic factor, and clinical studies have demonstrated endothelial cells within a number of tumour types to express high levels of OPG compared to those in normal tissue. Additionally, OPG can increase endothelial cell survival, proliferation and migration, as well as induce endothelial cell tube formation in vitro. This study aims to elucidate the processes involved in the pro-angiogenic effects of OPG in vitro, and also how OPG levels may be regulated within the tumour microenvironment.

RESULTS:

It has previously been demonstrated that OPG can induce tube formation on growth factor reduced matrigel. In this study, we demonstrate that OPG enhances the pro-angiogenic effects of VEGF and that OPG does not stimulate endothelial cell tube formation through activation of the VEGFR2 receptor. We also show that cell contact between HuDMECs and the T47D breast cancer cell line increases endothelial cell OPG mRNA and protein secretion levels in in vitro co-cultures. These increases in endothelial cell OPG secretion were dependent on alphanubeta3 ligation and NFkappaB activation. In contrast, the pro-angiogenic factors VEGF, bFGF and TGFbeta had no effect on HuDMEC OPG levels.

CONCLUSION:

These findings suggest that the VEGF signalling pathway is not involved in mediating the pro-angiogenic effects of OPG on endothelial cells in vitro. Additionally, we show that breast cancer cells cause increased levels of OPG expression by endothelial cells, and that direct contact between endothelial cells and tumour cells is required in order to increase endothelial OPG expression and secretion. Stimulation of OPG secretion was shown to involve alphanubeta3 ligation and NFkappaB activation.

PMID:
19604388
PMCID:
PMC2719583
DOI:
10.1186/1476-4598-8-49
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center