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Br J Haematol. 2009 Sep;146(6):656-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2009.07797.x. Epub 2009 Jul 8.

The anti-histaminic cyproheptadine synergizes the antineoplastic activity of bortezomib in mantle cell lymphoma through its effects as a histone deacetylase inhibitor.

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1
Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Abstract

Cyproheptadine, an inhibitor of the H1 histamine receptors, has recently shown activity in models of leukaemia and myeloma, presumably through inhibition of cyclin-D expression. Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma characterized by overexpression of cyclin-D1. We investigated the effect of cyproheptadine alone and in combination with the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib in models of MCL. The combination of these drugs was mathematically synergistic, producing significant reductions in the mitochondrial membrane potential leading to apoptosis. In a severe combined immunodeficient beige mouse model, cyproheptadine plus bortezomib demonstrated a statistically significant advantage compared to either agent alone.

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