Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Res. 2009 Aug 1;69(15):6107-14. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-09-0975. Epub 2009 Jul 14.

Signaling events downstream of mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 are attenuated in cells and tumors deficient for the tuberous sclerosis complex tumor suppressors.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics and Complex Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

Mutations in the TSC1 and TSC2 tumor suppressor genes give rise to the neoplastic disorders tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Their gene products form a complex that is a critical negative regulator of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 (mTORC1) and cell growth. We recently found that the TSC1-TSC2 complex promotes the activity of mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2), an upstream activator of Akt, and this occurs independent of its inhibitory effects on mTORC1. Loss of mTORC2 activity in cells lacking the TSC1-TSC2 complex, coupled with mTORC1-mediated feedback mechanisms, leads to strong attenuation of the growth factor-stimulated phosphorylation of Akt on S473. In this study, we show that both phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-independent mTORC2 substrates are affected by loss of the TSC1-TSC2 complex in cell culture models and kidney tumors from both Tsc2(+/-) mice (adenoma) and TSC patients (angiomyolipoma). These mTORC2 targets are all members of the AGC kinase family and include Akt, protein kinase Calpha, and serum and glucocorticoid-induced protein kinase 1. We also show that the TSC1-TSC2 complex can directly stimulate the in vitro kinase activity of mTORC2. The interaction between these two complexes is mediated primarily through regions on TSC2 and a core component of mTORC2 called Rictor. Hence, loss of the TSC tumor suppressors results in elevated mTORC1 signaling and attenuated mTORC2 signaling. These findings suggest that the TSC1-TSC2 complex plays opposing roles in tumor progression, both blocking and promoting specific oncogenic pathways through its effects on mTORC1 inhibition and mTORC2 activation, respectively.

PMID:
19602587
PMCID:
PMC2735013
DOI:
10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-09-0975
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center