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Nat Cell Biol. 2009 Aug;11(8):980-7. doi: 10.1038/ncb1910. Epub 2009 Jul 13.

The DNA damage response at eroded telomeres and tethering to the nuclear pore complex.

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1
CNRS, Unité Propre de Recherche 3081, Genome Instability and Carcinogenesis Conventionné par l'Université d'Aix-Marseille 2, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France.

Abstract

The ends of linear eukaryotic chromosomes are protected by telomeres, which serve to ensure proper chromosome replication and to prevent spurious recombination at chromosome ends. In this study, we show by single cell analysis that in the absence of telomerase, a single short telomere is sufficient to induce the recruitment of checkpoint and recombination proteins. Notably, a DNA damage response at eroded telomeres starts many generations before senescence and is characterized by the recruitment of Cdc13 (cell division cycle 13), replication protein A, DNA damage checkpoint proteins and the DNA repair protein Rad52 into a single focus. Moreover, we show that eroded telomeres, although remaining at the nuclear periphery, move to the nuclear pore complex. Our results link the DNA damage response at eroded telomeres to changes in subnuclear localization and suggest the existence of collapsed replication forks at eroded telomeres.

PMID:
19597487
DOI:
10.1038/ncb1910
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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