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FEBS Lett. 1991 Nov 18;293(1-2):183-7.

Correlation of apoproteins with the genes of the major chlorophyll a/b binding protein of photosystem II in Arabidopsis thaliana. Confirmation for the presence of a third member of the LHC IIb gene family.

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Department of Biology, University of California, Los Angeles 90024-1606.


The major light-harvesting complex in higher plants is LHC IIb. The LHC IIb of Arabidopsis thaliana contains 2 pigment-binding apoproteins of 28 and 25 kDa. To determine the relationship between them and the LHC IIb gene family members, each protein was purified to homogeneity, subjected to direct protein sequencing, and the sequences compared with those deduced from LHC IIb genes in this organism. The 28 kDa protein is the product of Type I LHC IIb genes. The 25 kDa LHC IIb component is distinctly different from the 28 kDa LHC IIb protein, and is more closely related to the type III LHC IIb gene product of barley. Type III gene products lack the first 9-11 residues found in proteins of the Type I and II genes, a region that contains a phosphorylatable threonine residue. The lack of the N-terminal residues explains why this LHC IIb apoprotein has never been seen to be phosphorylated, and partly or wholly why it is smaller. The implication of the missing N-terminus on uptake of LHC II precursor proteins into the plastid and of the relative organization of the LHC IIb subunits in the PS II antenna is discussed.

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