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Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2009 Aug;19(4):357-67. doi: 10.1016/j.gde.2009.05.006. Epub 2009 Jul 10.

FERM proteins in animal morphogenesis.

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Department of Cell and Systems Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. <>


Proteins containing a FERM domain are ubiquitous components of the cytocortex of animal cells where they are engaged in structural, transport, and signaling functions. Recent years have seen a wealth of genetic studies in model organisms that explore FERM protein function in development and tissue organization. In addition, mutations in several FERM protein-encoding genes have been associated with human diseases. This review will provide a brief overview of the FERM domain structure and the FERM protein superfamily and then discuss recent advances in our understanding of the mechanism of function and developmental requirement of several FERM proteins including Moesin, Myosin-VIIA, Myosin-XV, Coracle/Band4.1 as well as Yurt and its vertebrate homologs Mosaic Eyes and EPB41L5/YMO1/Limulus.

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