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Clin Transplant. 2009 Aug;23 Suppl 20:31-3. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0012.2009.01006.x.

Successful rescue of late-onset acute T-cell mediated rejection with anti-CD25 antibody: a case report.

Author information

1
Department of Kidney Transplant Surgery, Sapporo City General Hospital, Sapporo, Japan. taka0573@gmail.com

Abstract

Japan A 56-yr-old Japanese male with a history of diabetic nephropathy underwent a HLA 5/6 mismatch and ABO-compatible living-related kidney transplantation (donor: his 49-yr-old wife). A pre-transplant standard NIH complement-dependent cytotoxicity cross-match (Xm) test, a flow-cytometric T-cell Xm, and a FlowPRA test were totally negative. Inductionimmunosuppressive protocol consisted of tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, methylprednisolone, and basiliximab (BAS). The patient's post-operative course was almost uneventful, and the graft was functioning well (sCr 1.1 mg/dL). He developed general fatigue, and his sCr was elevated to 2.2 mg/dL 792 d after transplant. A graft biopsy showed acute T-cell mediated rejection Banff grade IB (i3, t3, g0, v0, ptc0, C4d staining negative). The conventional anti-rejection therapy could not improve his graft function; therefore, we added BAS to eliminate activated graft-infiltrating T-cells. He responded to the rescue therapy, and the improvement in graft function was confirmed by a subsequent graft biopsy. He enjoyed his health without any opportunistic infections.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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