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J Am Coll Health. 2009 Jul-Aug;58(1):56-63. doi: 10.3200/JACH.58.1.56-63.

Depressive symptoms, stress, and social support among dental students at a historically black college and university.

Author information

1
Department of Restorative Services, College of Dentistry, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The authors measured the prevalence of depressive symptoms among dental students at a historically black college in the United States to determine how depressive symptoms, stress, and social support influence each other within this student population.

PARTICIPANTS:

Dental students (n = 143) completed a self-administered survey to assess depressive symptoms, stress, and social support, using validated and reliable instruments. Participants also reported demographic variables.

METHODS:

The authors used multivariable linear regression controlling for potential confounding.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 16.7%. There were significantly higher levels of stress for students with depressive symptoms compared with those without such symptoms (p < .01), and students with depressive symptoms had significantly lower levels of social support (p < .01). Results show higher levels of depressive symptomatology to be related to decreased social support at both high and low stress levels (p < .01).

CONCLUSIONS:

Stress and social support are associated with depressive symptoms among dental students.

PMID:
19592354
DOI:
10.3200/JACH.58.1.56-63
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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