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Arch Suicide Res. 2009;13(3):230-46. doi: 10.1080/13811110903044351.

Suicide ideation among college students: a multivariate analysis.

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Center for Substance Abuse Research, University of Maryland, College Park, 4321 Hartwick Rd., College Park, MD 20740, USA .


The goal of this study was to develop a multi-dimensional model that might explain suicide ideation among college students. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 1,249 first-year college students. An estimated 6%(wt) of first-year students at this university had current suicide ideation. Depressive symptoms, low social support, affective dysregulation, and father-child conflict were each independently associated with suicide ideation. Only 40%(wt) of individuals with suicide ideation were classified as depressed according to standard criteria. In the group who reported low levels of depressive symptoms, low social support and affective dysregulation were important predictors of suicide ideation. Alcohol use disorder was also independently associated with suicide ideation, while parental conflict was not. Results highlight potential targets for early intervention among college students.

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