Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Dermatology. 2009;219(4):295-8. doi: 10.1159/000228329. Epub 2009 Jul 8.

Prevalence of body dysmorphic features in patients undergoing cosmetic procedures at the National Skin Centre, Singapore.

Author information

1
National Skin Centre, 1, Mandalay Road, 308205 Singapore. cologny@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterised by an obsessive preoccupation with a slight defect in appearance, and recognition is essential.

OBJECTIVE:

To screen by a previously developed questionnaire the prevalence of BDD in an aesthetics clinic in Singapore. This questionnaire has a positive predictive value of 70% and a negative predictive value of 100%; patients answering that they were preoccupied with their appearance and having answered 'yes' in part A, answered 8 further questions (part B) grading the degree of distress (B4) and impairment (B5) of social functioning.

METHODS:

The questionnaire was given to 396 patients: 198 attending Mandalay Aesthetics Clinic and 198 controls at a general outpatient clinic. The screen was considered suggestive of BDD if the patients: were preoccupied by their defect (question A) and qualified the degree of stress (question B4) or impairment of functioning (question B5) as moderate to severe.

RESULTS:

58.1% of patients undergoing cosmetic procedures answered 'yes' to question A (odds ratio = 18.21, 95% confidence interval = 9.87-33.59). 41.74 and 26.96% of those qualified the distress (question B4) and impairment (question B5) as moderate to severe.

CONCLUSION:

A calculated prevalence of 29.4% in an aesthetics centre warrants systematic screening for BDD.

PMID:
19590172
DOI:
10.1159/000228329
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for S. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland
Loading ...
Support Center