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J Water Health. 2009 Dec;7(4):657-63. doi: 10.2166/wh.2009.107.

Bactericidal activity of Ag nanoparticle-impregnated fibreglass for water disinfection.

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Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 W. Green St, Urbana IL 61801, USA.


A new bactericidal system composed of fibreglass impregnated with silver (Ag) nanoparticles was developed and tested. Silver content, particle size and distribution were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The antibacterial effectiveness was evaluated against Escherichia coli (E. coli, ATCC 29055). The minimum inhibitory loading was determined to be less than 1.8 wt% of silver nanoparticles per gram of fibreglass. In a 1 h immersion test, using a 0.1 mg fibreglass mat ml(-1), with 2.9 wt% loading of silver nanoparticles completely disinfected 100 ml of 10(6) CFU ml(-1) of E. coli, dramatically outperforming activated carbon fibres impregnated with silver. Inactivation rate studies of 0.05 mg fibreglass mat ml(-1) (Ag 1.8 wt%) with 10(12) CFU E. coli displayed a 7 log reduction in 5 minutes. The activation and reuse of fibreglass (Ag 4.3 wt%) maintained its full effectiveness after two cycles of use and thermal regeneration at 350 degrees C.

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