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Neurology. 2009 Sep 8;73(10):754-60. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181b23564. Epub 2009 Jul 8.

Conversion of amyloid positive and negative MCI to AD over 3 years: an 11C-PIB PET study.

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  • 1Division of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) represent an important clinical group as they are at increased risk of developing Alzheimer disease (AD). (11)C-PIB PET is an in vivo marker of brain amyloid load.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the rates of conversion of MCI to AD during a 3-year follow-up period and to compare levels of amyloid deposition between MCI converters and nonconverters.

METHODS:

Thirty-one subjects with MCI with baseline (11)C-PIB PET, MRI, and neuropsychometry have been clinically followed up for 1 to 3 years (2.68 +/- 0.6 years). Raised cortical (11)C-PIB binding in subjects with MCI was detected with region of interest analysis and statistical parametric mapping.

RESULTS:

Seventeen of 31 (55%) subjects with MCI had increased (11)C-PIB retention at baseline and 14 of these 17 (82%) clinically converted to AD during follow-up. Only one of the 14 PIB-negative MCI cases converted to AD. Of the PIB-positive subjects with MCI, half (47%) converted to AD within 1 year of baseline PIB PET, these faster converters having higher tracer-retention values than slower converters in the anterior cingulate (p = 0.027) and frontal cortex (p = 0.031). Seven of 17 (41%) subjects with MCI with known APOE status were epsilon4 allele carriers, this genotype being associated with faster conversion rates in PIB-positive subjects with MCI (p = 0.035).

CONCLUSIONS:

PIB-positive subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are significantly more likely to convert to AD than PIB-negative patients, faster converters having higher PIB retention levels at baseline than slower converters. In vivo detection of amyloid deposition in MCI with PIB PET provides useful prognostic information.

PMID:
19587325
PMCID:
PMC2830881
DOI:
10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181b23564
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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